John 6:44- The Misunderstanding or possible Twisting of Scripture by Dr. Flowers just to Prove the Reformed Faith is Wrong. PART 1

Part 1

I want to start off with the true and correct definition of the word “draw” in John 6:44″  This may be said a couple more times so the reader will not forget. Below is the powerful definition of God’s power and Sovereignty

 

I answer with scholar ALBRECHT OEPKE

who says, ” “THE WORD DRAW IN GREEK IS ELKO, WHICH MEANS TO COMPEL BY IRRESISTIBLE SUPERIORITY.

Though the Arminian rejects such a notion, the word linguistically and lexicographically means to “compel.”

Therefore, Jesus cannot be saying  that the drawing of the Father is a mere wooing or persuasion that can be resisted. Rather, this drawing is an indefectible, invincible, unconquerable, indomitable, insuperable, and unassailable summons. As John Frame explains, the word “summons”captures the efficacy of this call well. “That word summons brings out God’s sovereignty.

Does not the “Love of Christ compel us constrains us or control or overmasters us in 2 Corinthians 5:14?

Constrains – compel or force (someone) toward a particular course of action God’s love does this metaphorically. God does not force us but we become willing in the day of His power (Psalms 110:3) and God draws us or compels us by His lovingkindness, for he has loved us with an everlasting love. (Jeremiah 31:3)

Before I began dismantling Dr. Flowers on John 6:44, I have to insert this because it seems no one has challenged Flowers on this as of yet and  it does great damage to his belief system.

Dr. Flowers has said over and over that when a wicked man does that which sinful and evil he is only doing what The Sovereign God predestined him to do so the sinner has no choice to do other wise, Then comes along Acts chapter 4 not to mention Joseph and his bothers who sold him into slavery,  But we will use Acts chapter 4 only as I feel the murder of Christ is the greatest crime in history and in Dr. Flowers way of explaining it I am sure makes it him nervous as he creates a double standard and conflates what the Reformed believer and the anti-Reformer believer both believe as identical on this passage of scripture. If I understand Dr Flowers position right if not he can correct me and we can go from there.

 

Prayer for Boldness Acts 4

23 And being let go, they went to their own companions and reported all that the chief priests and elders had said to them. 24 So when they heard that, they raised their voice to God with one accord and said: “Lord, You are God, who made heaven and earth and the sea, and all that is in them, 25 who by the mouth of Your servant David[b] have said:

‘Why did the nations rage,
And the people plot vain things?
26 The kings of the earth took their stand,`
And the rulers were gathered together
Against the Lord and against His Christ.’[c]

27 “For truly against Your holy Servant Jesus, whom You anointed, both Herod and Pontius Pilate, with the Gentiles and the people of Israel, were gathered together 28 to do whatever Your hand and Your purpose determined before to be done. 29 Now, Lord, look on their threats, and grant to Your servants that with all boldness they may speak Your word, 30 by stretching out Your hand to heal, and that signs and wonders may be done through the name of Your holy Servant Jesus.”

31 And when they had prayed, the place where they were assembled together was shaken; and they were all filled with the Holy Spirit, and they spoke the word of God with boldness.

When this verse is brought up to show Dr. Flowers that God does predetermine what the sinner and believer will do, but freely and joyfully.  Flowers says this makes God the AUTHOR OF SIN, ( LET’S FORGET ABOUT CALVIN HERE I ONLY WANT WHAT DR. FLOWERS HAS SAID ABOUT THE TOPIC.) 

Dr Flowers says of Acts chapter 4 verses 23-31 and other passages of scripture that he allows for God to break into history and do things that ordinarily would not do.  Dr Flowers does not seem according to his logic he is still making God THE AUTHOR OF SIN by predetermining actions.  This is a Double Standard and hypocritical stance if I ever saw one.  Just because God does it from time to time according to Dr. Flowers it still makes God according to Flowers the AUTHOR OF SIN. Although he may deny this and eloquently this his fallacious logic make it seem otherwise.  Does Flowers think just because he believes God only does in from time to time and not very often this changes things up considering all that he has accused the Reformed community of. There is no getting around this, although Dr Flowers with his over active imagination will give it his best shot,

Now on to Dr. Flowers false and misrepresentation of John 6:44.

First we got to get the Birds Eye View according to Dr. Flowers.  That I have done more than once and I have listened to Flowers birds eye view more than once and let me just say I really do not like listening to his podcast, they are so riddled with twisting, mistakes and misrepresentations that you can only take so much.  I still stand by what I say about Dr. Flowers character.  He seems to be a godly and holy man.  I cannot say he loves the word I can only say he say desperately wants to disprove or pull a view deceived out of its clutches as I have heard said. He really has it bad for Dr. James White whom he debated and lost on Romans 9. Which should be no big deal to whom because Dr White has lost a few himself.  Although he seems overly consumed with Dr White they both have been Unchristlike to each other at the time. Dr White has took the route of living peacefully with Flowers by not engage Him.  Dr. FLowers seems to engage every chance he gets considering the Romans 9 debate was a long time ago he still found consuming desire to re-visit it verbally on his podcast and in writing.  Man Dr White has some serious patience and love for God’s word.

Ok let us now begin looking at John 6:44. Dr Flowers starts out:

 

“NO ONE CAN COME TO ME UNLESS THE FATHER WHO SENT ME DRAWS THEM, AND I WILL RAISE THEM UP AT THE LAST DAY.”  – JOHN 6:44

There are two basic ways to interpret this passage and it hinges on the words “draws” and “them.” Let’s look at the two renderings side by side:

Calvinists: “No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me *drags* them, and I will raise up *those who were dragged* at the last day.”  (Dr Flowers poisons the well here as if all Calvinists read John 6:44 as the Father “dragging sinners against their will kicking and screaming to salvation in Christ.)  This is disingenuous Dr Flowers and you know it.  The Majority of the Reformed faith use the word “draw” and if they do say “drag” they qualify it by saying they only mean the Sovereign Almighty Power of God that cannot ultimately be resisted. Yes I do admit there are some who do use the word drag to the extreme but this is not typical of Reformed Scholars, Pastors and believers.  They do not mean God drags people Salvation against their will.  I have never seen (as my own experience) anyone come to Christ in repentance and faith but with Godly sorrow and willingly as God The Great Might Spiritual Physician performs his spiritual operation of bringing people while they are in there in there hate of Christ (John 3:18-20)  God takes out that stoney heart  where people are hard-hearted and hates the God of Heaven and loves sin and is rebellious and unrepentant, and puts in a heart of  flesh that is willing , believing and pliable and ready to come to Christ.

So Dr Flowers let God be true and every man a liar.  You came up with So-Called-Calvinist understanding of John 6:44 to POISON THE WELL as you well know the majority of Reformed Believers believe sinners repent of their sins toward God and have faith and embrace Christ because that is what they want to do.  Yes Salvation is of the Lord and the work of the Lord and Jesus said without me you can do “Nothing and nothing does not mean a little something like humbling yourself” God from beginning to the end and everything in between has and is saving me and not in a Pelagian way as you sometimes seem to be admitting very clearly.  Don’ t need to read your “boogy-,man article on this subject as I already have and found it shallow, superficial and lacking the truth of Holy Scripture.

Remember when Christ called His disciples, they came efficaciously, without hesitation, they left everything immediately, If not why did they come so willingly when all Christ said was “follow me” (The divine decree of predestination is being emphasized as it is carried out in history, John 6: 37-48 The word “draw ” indicates that more than moral influence is being indicated. The Heavenly Sovereign Omnipotent Father does more than beckon HE DRAWS and quite successfully every time. The same verb occurs in 12:32, where the drawing activity is ascribed to the Son; and further,

18;10, 21:6, 11, Acts 16:19, 21:30; and James 2:6.

John 18:10 -Then Simon Peter, having a sword, drew it and struck the high priest’s servant and cut off his right ear. (The servant’s name was Malchus.)

Notice Peter “drew” his sword, which is talking about physically ability he had.  He did not “WOO WOO”  His sword out of it’s sheath.  It took some innate ability that Peter had because he was biology alive he had physically ability to do this.

John 21:6 – And He said to them, “Cast the net on the right side of the boat, and you will find some. So they cast, and now they were not able to draw it in because of the multitude of fish.

Here in John 21:6 the fisherman were not able to “draw or pull” the fish in because the quantity was too much.  Just like John 18:6, John 21:6 is the exact identical Greek verb in John 6:44 and the fisherman did not start trying to “woo Woo the fish into the boat.  They had to draw the net and pull on it just like God draws the sinner to repentance and faith in Christ and raises the same sinner up on the last day John 6:44.  His power Sovereign Almighty Omnipotent Power accomplishes everything for God’s glory.

Romans 11: 36 – For from him and through him and to him are all things. To him be glory forever. Amen.

The Reformed Faith do not try and prove to much with the verse above, all you have to do is read out of it (exegesis) and it plainly says all things are from God and to him are all things and to Our God be the Glory.

Ephesians 1:11-12-11 In Him also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestined according to the purpose of Him who works all things according to the counsel of His will, 12 that we who first trusted in Christ should be to the praise of His glory.

Dr Flowers would promote more highly the free will of man (Whoever commits sin is a slave of Sin John 8) or he would at least say God’s power needs man’s permission to accomplish his purposes here on the earth but that is not what God’s word says.  God works all things after the counsel of His own (not man’s) will.

Job 42:1-2 – 

Job’s Repentance and Restoration

42 Then Job answered the Lord and said:

“I know that You can do everything,
And that no purpose of Yours can be withheld from You

Danial 4:35-all the inhabitants of the earth are accounted as nothing, and he does according to his will among the host of heaven and among the inhabitants of the earth; and none can stay his hand or say to him, “What have you done?”

 

You see Dr Flowers, God is free and all powerful and almighty, nothing can stop what he has purposed in the history of mankind, Man weak and in bondage in His sin and desperately needs this powerful merciful Christ to save Him. And the wicked sinner in rebellion to God who hates the light and loves the darkness is not trying to desperately break the chains of his bondage to sins so he can get to Christ.  No HE LOVES HIS SIN AND THE WORLD, THE LUST OF THE FLESH, THE LUST OF THE EYES AND THE PRIDE OF LIFE. William Hendriksen

William Hendriksen says the drawing of which these passages speak  indicates a very powerful-we may even say, an irresistible-activity. To be sure, man resists, but his resistance is ineffective and overcome by the loving almighty effectual power of God.  All things become knew.  Where he hated he know has a godly sorrow for his sins and begins to desire heavenly things where Christ is above.

The net full of big fishes is actually drawn or dragged ashore 21:6,11. In Salvation, God powerfully influences the mind, will, heart, the entire personality. These, too begin to function in their own right, so that Christ is accepted by a living faith. But both at the beginning and throughout the entire process of being saved, THE POWER IS EVER ABOVE; IT IS VERY REAL STRONG, AND EFFECTIVE; AND IT IS WIELDED BY GOD HIMSELF. ( WiLLIAM HENDRIKSEN) 

By Arthur W Pink

“Fallen man (including Dr Flowers before he was saved) only wills now according to the  the desires and dictates of his evil heart. It has been well said that the will of the sinner is like a manacled, fettered prisoner in a cell His movements are hampered by his chains, and his is hindered by the walls that confine him. His is free to walk, but in such a constrained way and within such a limited space that his freedom is bondage— bondage of sin. A. W. Pink

 

I don’t want to stray away from the main subject which John 6:44 by teaching flowers the truth and his misunderstandings of Total Depravity and Inability at this time but I do want to make something clear he DEFINITELY DOES NOT SEEM TO RECOGNIZE ON THIS POINT!~!

Flowers when he starts to sound Pelagian he says the sinner can keep the commandments of God just like the Christian.  How he can he says this blows my mind when Jesus said in John 15 “without me you can do nothing” And as I have said before nothing does not mean a little something like a dead in sin wicked sinner keeping the commandments of God and pleasing Him. That includes humbling which would be pleasing to God, the Father through the Holy Spirit and Word of God takes the initiative and begins to draw the sinner and in that drawing processing there is godly sorrow. Those in the flesh can do nothing pleasing to God, NOTHING DR FLOWERS, NOTHING DOES NOT MEAN A LITTLE SOMETHING LIKE HUMBLING YOURSELF. YOU KNOW GOD’S WORD HELPS US TO REPLACE THE LIES OF THE DEVIL, THE SINS OF FLESH THAT GROW CORRUPT ACCORDING TO THE DECEITFUL LUST AND THE WORLD.  WE RENEW OUR MINDS WITH THE TRUTH OF GOD’S WORD LETTING HIS WORD DWELL RICHLY WITHIN US BY THE POWER OF THE HOLY SPIRIT.  We cannot keep the law and we can do NOTHING BECAUSE WE ARE NOT IN CHRIST BUT IN THE FLESH AND YOU KNOW THIS IS IN ROMANS 8.  Once again we are not trying to prove to much, we are just reading what God’s word says.  I feel the phrase “trying to prove to much” may be being using in a disingenuous way, If I am wrong please forgive me. 

So what is going on here.  Sinners don’t kill or steal or commit adultery seemingly like Christians but it is not the same.  One who is not in Christ, being not a Christian their Righteousness is as filthy rags that stink like dung in the nostrils or God.  Sinners have minds according to Romans 8 that enmity to God, that being hostile and hatred toward him.  It goes on to say in Romans 8:7 that sinners  cannot keep the law in a way that is pleasing to God, because those who are in the flesh cannot 8:8 please God Romans 1.  The sin or evil of the sinner keeping God’s commandments is one of defect.  He lacks the proper motive and that is to glorify God and be Godly in all he or she does.  Dr Flowers needs to understand that but is pelagianism is blinding him to this fact.  That God that sinners are still good mothers fathers husbands and wives due to the image of God that is in great defect from sin.

 

Romans 8:7-10-

Because the carnal mind is enmity against God; for it is not subject to the law of God, nor indeed can be. So then, those who are in the flesh cannot please God.

But you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God dwells in you. Now if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he is not His. 10 And if Christ is in you, the body is dead because of sin, but the Spirit is life because of righteousness.

 

John 6:44- No man can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws Him and I will raise Him up on the last day.

This verse plainly shows that moral impotence consists of turpitude and baseness, of inveterate of person he loathes: before he does so he must be given an entirely new disposition. If any man be made a new creation, old things have passed away and all things have become new. Arthur W Pink

John 6:44- No man can come to me unless the Father draws Him and I will raise Him up on last day.

And why is it that man cannot come to Christ by  his own natural powers? Because not only has he no inclination to do so, but the Saviour repels him, His yoke is unwelcome, His scepter repulsive

Flowers talks about sinners being so moral, God’s word says emphatically ‘ the soul of the wicked desires evil.” Which is nothing more than spitting in the face of God.

“A miracle of grace must be effected within them before they will choose what is so contrary to fallen human nature. That wonderful change from unwillingness to willingness is not the result of creature effort, but of divine operation; it is not of self-improvement, but the effect of God’s work in the Soul. Thus we read of “the exceeding greatness of His power to us-word who believe, according to the working of His mighty power” (EPH. 1:19) That putting of His power does not violate man’s  constitution or responsibility, Instead of destroying the freedom of his will, it liberates it from its native bandage. GOD’S PEOPLE ARE NOT DRAGGED TO CHRIST, BUT DRAWN, (JOHN 6:44)BY BANDS OF LOVE (hOSEA 11:4) That action of His power has reference to that blessed timed when effectual in-working  of the Spirit delivers the soul from the dominion of sin and Satan, when the influences of grace prevail over the heart to receive His Word (Acts 16:14), when the affections are turned from the world to Christ and the soul gladly gives up itself to Him.. This Power is life-giving and liberating (John 6:44), and delivers from sin. It communicates a new disposition which convicts the individual of his wickedness, wretchedness and need. God’s power works in him “both to will and to do of his good pleasure, (Phil 2:13) “Whomever He wills”

“No man can come to me, unless the Father draws him, and I will raise him up on the last day. Notice the same “HIM” the Father draws, Jesus raises up on the last day.  He loses none Dr Flowers as I do believe but could be wrong you believe in loss of salvation.  John 6:38- This is my Father’s will, that all He has given me I should lose none.

Can Jesus fail to do the Father’s will Dr Flowers?  You say well they can walk away on their own.  Can Jesus who is a perfect Savior not save them from the sin of walking away on their own or rejecting him in unbelief.  If this is what you believe I say to you, God forbid, away with such a thought and may such a thing never be!!!!!!  THat man is stronger than the Savior, he did not come to make “possibility salvation” but Jesus is the actual Savior who really came to save His people from their sins, even the sin of unbelief and unrepentance and pride!!!

Christ own disciples would never have obeyed and followed Him had not a gracious divine influence (John6:44) been exercised on them.

A man can receive nothing unless it has been given to him from heaven (John 3:27)

The very (I WILL USE YOUR WORD FLOWERS) ENABLING ABILITY TO COME TO CHRIST IS COMPLETELY OUT OF REACH OF THE SINNER WHO HATES THE LIGHT OF CHRIST AND LOVES THE DARKNESS OF HIS SIN UNLESS IT  IS GIVEN TO HIM FROM HEAVEN.

jOHN 3:27 -And he said, “This is why I told you that no one can come to me unless it is granted him by the Father.”

That the gift to which  he here  refers must be understood  not of ordinary natural gifts, but of special illumination, appears from this that he had said to them in commendation of Christ.  “I SEE, SAYS HE (jOHN THE BAPTIST EXPOSITION OF jOHN3:27 ), THAT MY WORDS ARE OF NO EFFECT IN IMBUING THE MINDS OF MEN WITH DIVINE THINGS, UNLESS THE LORD ENLIGHTENS THEIR  UNDERSTANDING BY HIS SPIRIT. John Calvin

Jeremiah 24:7 – I will give them a heart to know that I am the LORD, and they shall be my people and I will be their God, for they shall return to me with their whole heart.  God implies here that in spiritual things the human mind is wise only in so far as God Himself enlightens it.

And from the words of John 6:44 he infers it to be an in controvertible fact, that they follow with undeviating affection. Whoever is born of God does not commit sin; for his seed remaineth in him (1 John 3:9)

and let’s make this clear why we are on the subject of John 6:44.  Not all are going to come, not all are going to drawn but those given to Jesus by the Father (John 6:37) because as John 6:37 says “no one or man can come, UNLESS THE FATHER DRAWS” and it is easy to see in everyday life and at church the Father does not draw every single individual without exception.  Period!!!

in John 6 especially 44, the drawing  of the Father NECESSARILY RESULTS IN A COMING TO CHRIST. In other words, contrary  to Arminianism, this is not a drawing that merely makes possible a coming to Christ but rather is a drawing that inevitably and irresistibly leads to Christ. Or as Hendriksen says, “The Father does not merely  beckon or advise, he draws!!!!! all those drawn do in fact believe.

Arminians fail at this verse in two ways, One, “they ignore the fact that no one can come to Christ in their own power and two, They fail to finish the verse, Jesus promises to raise the one who was drawn up on the last day.  Exceptional eisegesis. 

Flowers said at the beginning of his article: The Greek sentence structure allows for the author to be referencing “them” who come, not necessarily all those drawn. For instance if the sentence translated in English were structured in this manner the intention might be more obvious:

I answer with scholar ALBRECHT OEPKE

who says, ” “THE WORD DRAW IN GREEK IS ELKO, WHICH MEANS TO COMPEL BY IRRESISTIBLE SUPERIORITY.

Though the Arminian rejects such a notion, the word linguistically and lexicographically means to “compel.”

Therefore, Jesus cannot be saying  that the drawing of the Father is a mere wooing or persuasion that can be resisted. Rather, this drawing is an indefectible, invincible, unconquerable, indomitable, insuperable, and unassailable summons. As John Frame explains, the word “summons”captures the efficacy of this call well. “That word summons brings out God’s sovereignty. YOu might be able to refuse an invitation, but you can’t refuse a summons.  A summons is a offer you cannon refuse. IN Short this summons does not fail to accomplish what God intended. Elko is also used in James 2:6 which says, “But you have dishonored the Poor man. are not the rich ones who oppress you and the ones who drag (elko) you into court. Also (elko) is used Acts 16:9  R C Spoul observes to substitute”woo” in the place of drag in these passages would sound ludicrous.  Same Greek word as used in John 6:44.

Basically John 6:44 is an internal compelling that cannot be thwarted. The Father’s drawing will result in final salvation.

D. A. Carson  observes, “the combination of verse 37a and verse 44 of John 6 prove that this drawing activity of the Father cannot be reduced to what theologians sometimes call “prevenient grace” dispensed to every  individual, for this drawing is selective, or else the negative note in v 44 is meaningless. In other words Jesus is referring only to those whom the Father has given Him and these only will Jesus give eternal life and the resurrection to glory. Here we see once again that the Father’s givinf of the elect to the Son invincibly leads to final salvation. Therefore, the drawing Jesus speaks of must be effectual.

The Father’s drawing precedes any belief on the sinner’s part. The reason a sinner believes is because he has been drawn by the Father to Christ, not vice versa. “Whomever He Wills” Timothy George

I had to add this passage from John 10:

John 10:26 But you do not believe, because you are not of My sheep, as I said to you.[b] 27 My sheep hear My voice, and I know them, and they follow Me. 28 And I give them eternal life, and they shall never perish; neither shall anyone snatch them out of My hand. 29 My Father, who has given them to Me, is greater than all; and no one is able to snatch them out of My Father’s hand. 30 I and My Father are one.”

Jesus plainly says you do not believe because you are not of my sheep. 

John 6:37- All that the Father gives to me will come to me and I will in no wise cast them out.

Notice Jesus says that His Father gave the sheep to Him which speaks of the same thing in John 6:37. Then we have Jesus saying His sheep hear His voice and he knows them, (thats not every single person in the world without exception) and he goes on to say that his sheep follow him as when he called his disciples, “come follow me and they left everything immediately and followed Christ.  That is the power of Christ in effectual calling and drawing.  Just like those given in John 6:37 Jesus guarantees they will come to Him and He will raise Him up on the last day.  Can Jesus Lie?  God forbid!!!  Away with such a thought!!!!

John 17:2-as You have given Him authority over all flesh, that He should[a] give eternal life to as many as You have given Him.

Notice who Jesus gives eternal life to in John 17:2, only those the Father has given Him. Compare with previous verses.

The reason a sinner does not believe is because he has not been drawn by the Father  to Christ,, not vice versa. The Father’s drawing is effectual because (a)elko “to compel by irresistible superiority and (b) Jesus ensures us that those drawn will be raised up on the last day, something not true of all people who receive the gospel call. There, the drawing does not make belief a possibility but an inevitable reality. The efficacy of the drawing precludes that it is universal. Rather the drawing particular, limited to the elect. “Whomever He Wills” Timothy George

It is crucial to observe how the narrative ends, namely, with everyone leaving jesus because such a teaching is so offensive and difficult to understand (John 6:60-65) “It is the Spirit who gives life, the flesh is no help at all. The words that I have spoken to you are spirit and life.  But there are some of you who do not believe……This is why I told you that no one can come to me unless it is granted him by the Father” (John 6:63-65). Two observations are relevant.  First , Jesus once again emphasizes the inability of the sinner when he says it is “the Spirit  who gives life; the flesh is no help at all. “Such inability is affirmed again in John 14:17 when  Jesus says, “the world cannot cannot accept him [the Holy Spirit] because it neither sees him nor knows him. “Second if the Arminian or Anti-Calvinist believes, all are drawn, why does Jesus stress his point concerning  their persistence in unbelief? Jesus shows in John 6:65 that once again their unbelief serves as evidence that they have not been drawn by the Father. But none of this makes sense if Jesus is talking about a universal call that only makes salvation possible.  A calling common to all people is not offensive and surely would not lead his hearers to be angered, eventually abandoning Jesus. To the contrary, the reason His reaching is so offensive is because He explains their unbelief by appealing to the Father’s sovereign choice, not man’s free will. Those not drawn by the Father and selected remain in their unbelief.

Before concluding our discussion, it is necessary to briefly look at three other passages, namely, John 12:37-40, 17:24, and 10:14ff. In John 12 :37-40 we see the most outstanding instance of all of John’s gospel where emphasis is placed on divine sovereignty. Through Jesus Jesus had accomplished many miraculous signs, still the people did not believe in him (12:37; cf. Deuteronomy 29:2-4) What exactly did they not believe? John answers,

Though he had done so many signs before them, they still did not believe in him, so that  the word spoken by the prophet Isaiah  might by fulfilled: Lord, who has believed what he  heard from us, and to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed? ” Therefore they could not believe. For again Isaiah said, “He has blinded their eyes and hardened their heart lest they see with their eyes, and understand with their their heart,  and turn and I would heal them. n

This I really want you Dr Flowers take note of what Jesus is saying: in response to others: ” So the Jews gathered around Him (Jesus) and said to Him, “How long will you keep us in suspense? If you are the Christ, tell us plainly,” Jesus answered them, “I told you and you do not believe, The works that I do in my Father’s name bear witness about me, but you do not believe because you are not part of my flock (John 10) My Sheep hear my voice, and I know them and they follow me, I GIVE THEM ETERNAL LIFE, AND THEY WILL NEVER PERISH. AND NO ONE WILL SNATCH THEM OF MY HAND.  My Father , who has given them to me is greater than all, and no one is able to snatch them of the Father’s hand, I and my Father are one.

Jesus was not hiding or speaking parables to hide his identity. The parables only hardened even more those who were already blind and would never come to salvation but to those to whom it was given to know the Father open their eyes so they could see and understand.  Those he would heal in secret he told them not to say anything because it was not time for his ministry to come into full power.  But Dr Flowers we both know that they all ran and told every one what Jesus did for them so it did not hide Jesus very good did it now. “

a discussion of regeneration flows naturally from effectual calling. Those whom God effectually calls to Himself are made alive: (Ephesians 2:1.5; Colossians 2: 11-14; Titus 3:5, James 1:18, 1 Peter 1:3-5, 1 John 2:29 3:9, 4:7; 5:1, 4. That said, it is appropriate to precisely define regeneration in this narrow sense. I provide the following definition. 

Regeneration is the work of the Holy Spirit to unite the elect sinner to Christ by breathing new life  into that dead and depraved sinner so as to raise him from spiritual death to spiritual life, removing his heart of stone and giving him a heart of flesh, so that he is washed, born from above and now able to repent and trust in Christ as a new creation. Moreover regeneration is the act of God alone and therefore it is monergistic in nature accomplished by the sovereign act of the Spirit apart from and unconditioned upon man’s will to believe, In short, man’s faith does not cause regeneration causes man’s faith. “Whomever He Wills”

“Indeed, no one is even able to come to the Son unless the Father COMPELLINGLY DRAWS HIM (JOHN 6:44)

Jesus was under no delusions about the bondage of the human will to sin. H said to a crowd that followed Him, “No man can come to unless the Father who sent me draws him” (John 6:44, 65) He uses a word of ability , “can” )dunamai) to make His point that the natural man does not possess the ability in and of himself to come to Christ for Salvation.  “Whomever He Wills”

John 6:37 all the Father gives me will come to me and I will in no wise cast them out.

Here in John 6:37 Jesus assures us that all the elect given to Jesus from the Father cannot ultimately refuse to come but will come willingly and knowingly that Christ has saved them from their sins “The ALL IN THIS VERSE GOD IS SPEAKING OF EVERY SINGLE INDIVIDUAL ELECT PERSON IN CHRIST BEFORE THE FOUNDATION OF THE WORLD

“No man can come to me unless the Father who sent Me draws him” THe good news is that there is an “unless” in John 6:44, just as there is a “But God” in Ephesians 2:4. In both instances it is not the free wioll of man that comes to the rescue, but the free will of God!! “The Potter’s Freedom” Dr James White. All men would be left in the hopeless position of “unable to come” unless God acts , and He does by drawing men unto Christ. Outside of this divine enablement (cf. 65) no man can come to Christ. (MIne, He does not have the willingness or the enabling power) No man can “will” to come to Christ. No man outside of this divine drawing. “The Potter’s Freedom” Dr. James White

I am now going to begin closing out part 1 of this mostly positive response to Dr. Flowers.  I have used my own words to rebut him positively and others  Part 2 will consist of me directly engaging with Dr. Flowers allegory way of of understanding and teaching scripture.  This is false and silly nonsense.  I want to end with the what one of the great giants said on John 6:44:

“To come to Christ being here used metaphorically for believing, The Evangelist, in order to carry out the metaphor in the apposite clause, says that those persons are drawn whose understandings God enlightens, and whose hearts he bends and forms to the obedience of Christ. The statement amounts to this, that we ought not to wonder if many refuse to embrace the Gospel; because no man will ever of himself be able to come to Christ, but God must first approach him by his Spirit; and hence it follows that all are not drawn but that God bestows this grace on those whom he has elected. True. indeed, as to the kind of drawing, it is not violent, so as to drag men by external force; but still it is a powerful impulse of the Holy Spirit, which makes men willing who formerly were unwilling and reluctant. It is a false and profane assertion, therefore that none are drawn but those who are willing to be drawn, as if man made himself obedient to god by his own efforts; for the willingness with  which men follow God is what they already have from himself, who has formed their hearts to obey him.  John Calvin, Dr James White, The Potter’s Freedom

 

Below are just commentaries on the subject of John 6:44, what some fo the great minds of the present and past have said of this verse, not understanding it by using allegory but proper biblical hermeneutics and exegesis.

The Divine Decree of Predestina-continues today.

37 All that the Father gives Me will come to Me, and the one who comes to Me I will by no means cast out. 38 For I have come down from heaven, not to do My own will, but the will of Him who sent Me. 39 This is the will of the Father who sent Me, that of all He has given Me I should lose nothing, but should raise it up at the last day. 40 And this is the will of Him who sent Me, that everyone who sees the Son and believes in Him may have everlasting life; and I will raise him up at the last day.”

 

Rejected by His Own

41 The Jews then complained about Him, because He said, “I am the bread which came down from heaven.” 42 And they said, “Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How is it then that He says, ‘I have come down from heaven’?”

43 Jesus therefore answered and said to them, “Do not murmur among yourselves. 44 No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws him; and I will raise him up at the last day. 45 It is written in the prophets, ‘And they shall all be taught by God.’[e] Therefore everyone who has heard and learned[f] from the Father comes to Me. 46 Not that anyone has seen the Father, except He who is from God; He has seen the Father. 47 Most assuredly, I say to you, he who believes in Me[g] has everlasting life. 48 I am the bread of life. 

Those who belong to God “before the foundation of the world (Ephesians 1:4) come willingly in the day of God’s power.  There may resist at first but ultimately the Word of God coupled with the power of the Holy Spirit overcome the obstacles of sinful human resistance.

Traditionalists: “No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me *enables* them, and I will raise up *those who come* at the last day.”

Ok The Traditionalist understanding of John 6:44.  First the words “No one can come”  This cannot be twisted or read into but only to let it says what it says.  “Can” is a word of ability.  Just like the old school example when you raise your hand and ask the teacher, “can I go to the bathroom?  The teacher would use this as teaching experience.  The teacher would say to the student, ” I don’t know, CAN YOU!!  Meaning she was asking the student if he had the ability to walk to the bathroom.  Then she would explain the proper way of asking was to say,” May I go to the bathroom.

So the words above beside the Traditionalists, “No one can come” mean the same as the reformed believer that “NO ONE OR NO MAN (SAME IN THE GREEK) HAS THE ABILITY TO COME TO CHRIST ON THEIR OWN OR BY A DECISION OF THEIR WILL period!!!

So they only way a siful wicked man who hates Christ who is the light (John 3:18-20) and gospel is the next words in John 6:44.

 

Only those drawn by the Father may come, and I will raise up them (those that come) at the last day.”

 

Quick Commentary – 

John 6:36-46

The discovery of their guilt, danger, and remedy, by the teaching of the Holy Spirit, makes men willing and glad to come, and to give up every thing which hinders applying to him for salvation. The Father’s will is, that not one of those who were given to the Son, should be rejected or lost by him. No one will come, till Divine grace has subdued, and in part changed his heart; therefore no one who comes will ever be cast out. The gospel finds none willing to be saved in the humbling, holy manner, made known therein; but God draws with his word and the Holy Ghost; and man’s duty is to hear and learn; that is to say, to receive the grace offered, and consent to the promise. None had seen the Father but his beloved Son; and the Jews must expect to be taught by his inward power upon their minds, and by his word, and the ministers whom he sent among them. MHCC Commentary

First of all Dr. Flowers once again does not do his exegesis of the chapter which absolutely necessary to get the flow of thought of what is being said.  He did not even have to do an entire exegesis from beginning to end.  He could have gave a strong summary and then when he got to the verse that seems to change the flow some what that is where is exegesis should have begun,  I may do an exegesis just to show Dr. Flowers how it is done because I am not sure if he knows how to do it or if he sees if he does it right and biblically it will not say what he wants it to say, so he comes up with own way of explaining and understanding the verse,

Dr. Flowers says there are two ways to interpret the verse so he wants to look at them side by side.

Calvinists: “No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me *drags* them, and I will raise up *those who were dragged* at the last day.”

Traditionalists: “No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me *enables* them, and I will raise up *those who come* at the last day.”

The word “draw” here 

By a merciful violence, violence drags here is figurative and not literal.  PROFESSOR FLOWERS HERE GIVES THE REFORMED RENDERING AS DRAGS WHICH IS TO SET THE TONE THAT MOST REFORMED BELIEVERS TAKE THIS VERSE THAT GOD BRINGS SINNERS TO SALVATION KICKING AND SCREAMING TO SALVATION AGAINST THEIR WILL.  THIS IS NOT WHAT THE MAJORITY OF REFORMED BELIEVERS BELIEVE OF THIS VERSE FLOWERS AND YOU KNOW. THIS IS JUST DOWN RIGHT DISINGENUOUS OF YOU AND AS A PASTOR AND PROFESSOR YOU ARE TO HELD TO A HIGHER STANDARD.  YOU CAN EITHER MAKE AN EXCUSE FOR THIS SINFUL LIE OR HUMBLE YOURSELF UNDER THE MIGHTY HAND OF GOD WILLINGLY, EITHER WAY YOU ARE GOING TO BE HUMBLED BECAUSE IT IS THE HAND OF GOD THAT IS ACTIVELY DOING THE HUMBLING. MAN IS INCAPABLE OF HUMBLING HIMSELF APART FROM CHRIST DR. FLOWERS, DID NOT JESUS SAY WITHOUT ME YOU CAN DO NOTHING.  NOTHING IS NOT A LITTLE SOMETHING LIKE HUMBLING. 

Professor Flowers then says his own system of belief for John 6:44 is lead which Thayer says is also a metaphorical word. Something else we are not told from Dr Flowers.

These are the definitions that Thayer gives and I wonder how Dr. Flowers picked out one for the Reformed Faith and one for the Traditional Faith?   He does not tell us how,

Thayer Definition:
1) to draw, drag off
2) metaphorically, to draw by inward power, lead, impel

 

2. metaphorically, to draw by inward power, lead, impel: Joh_6:44

Not to “lead”  I have a huge Library and none of them say draw in John 6:44 means to lead but to draw by inward power.

I think it has something to do with the fact that “no one can come/believe” Notice below that “No one can come it is powerful negating speaking of an ability that one does not have.

No one can come- it is a powerful negating

This why John 6:44 goes on to say “UNLESS THE FATHER DRAWS HIM”

I just love when God’s word teaches things like (But God: Ephesians 2)  (Unless the Father John 6 44, 65)  (Jesus said to them without me you can do NOTHING, Nothing does not mean a little something, It means you can do nothing to add anything toward your salvation, John 15)  God will have mercy upon whom He will have mercy. Ephesians 2:1-While we were still dead in tresspasses and sins, GOD QUICKENED US AND MADE US ALIVE IN THE LORD JESUS CHRIST/

Ephesians 2:in which you once walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit who now works in the sons of disobedience, among whom also we all once conducted ourselves in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind, and were by nature children of wrath, just as the others.

Above explains the condition most and the majority of sinners our in when we can say “BUT GOD”. Ephesians 2:4                                                                                      ‘

Not while we were seeking Christ or humbling ourselves before God but while we were still dead and tresspasses and sins God had saving mercY on us

But God, who is rich in mercy, because of His great love with which He loved us, even when we were dead in trespasses, made us alive together with Christ (by grace you have been saved)

Notice we were dead in sin. in which you once walked according to the course of this world (the lust of the eyes, the lust of flesh and the pride of life)  according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit who now works in the sons of disobedience.  among whom also we all once conducted ourselves in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind, and were by nature children of wrath, just as the others.

But because of Christ death on the Cross, the wrath of God was appeased, the demands of the law satisfied ( The soul that sins shall die) and by Christ carrying our sins in His own body blood and water flowed and now there is legally forgiveness of sins and Jesus said “all that the Father gives will come to me, and I will in no will cast them out.(John 6:37)  No man can come to me unless the Father through work of the Holy Spirit draws that man and I will raise that man up on the last day(John 6:44)

Read it all slowly in context Dr. Fl;owers.

35 And Jesus said to them, “I am the bread of life. He who comes to Me shall never hunger, and he who believes in Me shall never thirst. 36 But I said to you that you have seen Me and yet do not believe. 37 All that the Father gives Me will come to Me, and the one who comes to Me I will by no means cast out. 38 For I have come down from heaven, not to do My own will, but the will of Him who sent Me. 39 This is the will of the Father who sent Me, that of all He has given Me I should lose nothing, but should raise it up at the last day. 40 And this is the will of Him who sent Me, that everyone who sees the Son and believes in Him may have everlasting life; and I will raise him up at the last day.”

Rejected by His Own

41 The Jews then complained about Him, because He said, “I am the bread which came down from heaven.” 42 And they said, “Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How is it then that He says, ‘I have come down from heaven’?”

43 Jesus therefore answered and said to them, “Do not murmur among yourselves. 44 No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws him; and I will raise him up at the last day. 45 It is written in the prophets, ‘And they shall all be taught by God.’[e] Therefore everyone who has heard and learned[f] from the Father comes to Me. 46 Not that anyone has seen the Father, except He who is from God; He has seen the Father. 47 Most assuredly, I say to you, he who believes in Me[g] has everlasting life. 48 I am the bread of life.

The Father speaking to Jesus His Son

Ask of Me, and I will give You
The nations for Your inheritance,
And the ends of the earth for Your possession. Compare with John 6:37 and John 10

 

Songs 1:4 Draw me, we will run after you: the king has brought me into his chambers

In other words, no man can believe in Christ to the saving of his soul, unless God give him power: God draws us first by good desires, not by compulsion, not by laying the will under any necessity; Benson

Joh_12:32; If I be lifted up from the earth I will draw all men unto me; that is, being put to death on the cross, and raised from the dead, and exalted into heaven, and preached through the world, I will, by my word and Spirit, persuade many to follow me to heaven. Thus also, Hos_11:4, God says, he drew Israel with the cords of a man, with bands of love. Wherefore, by the Father’s drawing men to Christ we may understand his persuading them to believe on him, by the several proofs wherewith he has supported his mission, by the doctrine of his gospel, and by those influences of his grace, which are necessary to give men a right discernment of the evidences of religion, and of the certainty and importance of the great truths of it, and to impress these things deeply on their minds. Accordingly, in the following verse, the effect which the Father’s drawing hath upon men, is described by their hearing and learning of him. It is written in the prophets, (see the margin,) they shall be all taught of God — Namely, not merely by his word, but also and especially by his Spirit, termed therefore, (Eph_1:17,) the Spirit of wisdom and revelation. The Jews resisted the drawing of God. Only those accept Jesus whom God draws to him. The word which John uses for to draw is helkuein (G1670) he word used in the Greek translation of the Hebrew when Jeremiah hears God say as the King James Version has it: “With loving-kindness have I drawn thee therefore I have continued my faithfulness to you” (Jer_31:3)  Benson

44.] The connexion seems to be this: They were not to murmur among themselves because He had said this; for the right understanding of what He had said is only to be gained by being taught of God, by being drawn by the Father, who alone can give the desire to come to Christ, and bring a man to Him. 44.] The connexion seems to be this: They were not to murmur among themselves because He had said this; for the right understanding of what He had said is only to be gained by being taught of God, by being drawn by the Father, who alone can give the desire to come to Christ, and bring a man to Him. That this ‘drawing is not irresistible grace, is confessed even by Augustine himself, in his Tractatus on this passage. “Si trahitur, ait aliquis, invitus venit. Si invitus venit, nec credit: si non credit, nec venit. Non enim ad Christum ambulando currimus, sed credendo; nec motu corporis sed oluntate cordis accedimus, … Noli te cogitare invitum trahi; trahitur animus et amore.” And just before; “Intrare quisquam ecclesiam potest nolens, accedere ad altare potest nolens, accipere sacramentum potest nolens:—credere non potest, nisi volens.” He quotes, “trahit sua quemque voluptas” (Virg. Ecl. ii. 65), to shew that the drawing is that of delight and choice, not of obligation and necessity. Alford Commentary

44.No man can come to me, unless the Father, who hath sent me, draw him. He does not merely accuse them of wickedness, but likewise reminds them, that it is a peculiar gift of God to embrace the doctrine which is exhibited by him; which he does, that their unbelief may not disturb weak minds. For many are so foolish that, in the things of God, they depend on the opinions of men; in consequence of which, they entertain suspicions about the Gospel, as soon as they see that it is not received by the world. Unbelievers, on the other hand, flattering themselves in their obstinacy, have the hardihood to condemn the Gospel because it does not please them. On the contrary, therefore, Christ declares that the doctrine of the Gospel, though it is preached to all without exception, cannot be embraced by all, but that a new understanding and a new perception are requisite; and, therefore, that faith does not depend on the will of men, but that it is God who gives it.
Unless the Father draw him. To come to Christ being here used metaphorically for believing, the Evangelist, in order to carry out the metaphor in the apposite clause, says that those persons are drawn whose understandings God enlightens, and whose hearts he bends and forms to the obedience of Christ. The statement amounts to this, that we ought not to wonder if many refuse to embrace the Gospel; because no man will ever of himself be able to come to Christ, but God must first approach him by his Spirit; and hence it follows that all are not drawn, but that God bestows this grace on those whom he has elected. True, indeed, as to the kind of drawing, it is not violent, so as to compel men by external force; but still it is a powerful impulse of the Holy Spirit, which makes men willing who formerly were unwilling and reluctant. It is a false and profane assertion, therefore, that none are drawn but those who are willing to be drawn, (153) as if man made himself obedient to God by his own efforts; for the willingness with which men follow God is what they already have from himself, who has formed their hearts to obey him. John Calvin Chapter 6 Commentary

In which words we have something necessarily implied, and something positively expressed. The misery of man in his natural and unsanctified state is here implied; he is far distant from Christ, and unable of himself to come unto him. By nature we are strangers, yea, enemies, unto God; enemies to the holiness of his nature, and to the righteousness of his laws; and as the state of unregeneracy is a state of enmity, so consequently must it be a state of impotency; Without me, therefore says Christ, ye can do nothing, that is, without interest in me, and influences of grace derived from me. Joh_15:5
Again, the truth we have expressed are these:
1. That all those who come unto Christ are drawn unto him.
2. That the drawing of sinful souls unto Jesus Christ is the special and peculiar work of God. This drawing is a powerful act, but not a compulsory act; God doth not draw any against their wills to Christ, but he inclines the wills of sinners to come unto him. He draws by effectual persuasion, and not by violent compulsion.
3. That all those who are drawn to Christ here, shall be raised up gloriously by him hereafter: I will raise him up at the last day. Such as are brought to Christ by the Father, Christ shall never abandon them, till he has raised them up at the last day, and presented them blameless and complete before his Father; where they shall ever be with the Lord. Burkitt Commentary

Except the Father – draw him – But how is a man drawn? St. Augustin answers from the poet, Trahit sua quemque voluptas; a man is attracted by that which he delights in. Show green herbage to a sheep, he is drawn by it: show nuts to a child, and he is drawn by them. They run wherever the person runs who shows these things: they run after him, but they are not forced to follow; they run, through the desire they feel to get the things they delight in. So God draws man: he shows him his wants – he shows the Savior whom he has provided for him: the man feels himself a lost sinner; and, through the desire which he finds to escape hell, and get to heaven, he comes unto Christ, that he may be justified by his blood. Unless God thus draw, no man will ever come to Christ; because none could, without this drawing, ever feel the need of a Savior. See August. Tract. 26, in Joan. and Calmet.
Drawing, or alluring, not dragging is here to be understood. “He,” say the rabbins, “who desires to cleave to the holy and blessed God, God lays hold of him, and will not cast him off.” Synops. Sohar. p. 87. The best Greek writers use the verb in the same sense of alluring, inciting, etc. Clarke Commentary

John 6:43-46
43–46. Digression on the difficulty of coming to Christ as a believer,John 6:44
44. οὐδεὶς δύναται. It is a moral impossibility: comp. Joh_3:3; Joh_3:5, Joh_5:44, Joh_8:43, Joh_12:39, Joh_14:17, Joh_15:4-5. The οὐδείς corresponds to the πᾶν in Joh_6:37, as ἑλκύσῃ to δίδωσιν: all that are given shall reach Christ; none but those who are drawn are able to come to Him. The aor. ἐλθεῖν expresses the result, rather than the process, as in τὸν ἐρχόμενον (Joh_6:37), and ἔρχεται (Joh_6:45). ἑλκύσῃ. Comp. Joh_12:32, πάντας ἑλκύσω πρὸς ἐμαυτόν. Unlike σύρειν, ‘to drag’ (Act_8:3; Act_14:19; Act_17:6), ἑλκύειν does not necessarily imply force, but mere attraction of some kind, some inducement to come. Comp. Jer_31:3, ‘with lovingkindness have I drawn thee’ (εἵλκυσά σε), and Virgil’s trahit sua quemque voluptas. Ἑλκίσῃ expresses the internal process, δίδωσιν (Joh_6:37) the result.κἀγώ. The Father begins the work of salvation, the Son completes it. The Father draws and gives; the Son receives, preserves, and raises up to eternal life.CambridgeGreek

THE JEWS’ CONTENTION AGAINST HIS WORDS
(vs.41-58)
After such words that should have awakened interest and concern, the questioning of the Jews turns to murmuring. They resisted His claim to be the Bread sent down from heaven (v.41). People want what He can give, but they do not want Him personally. They think of Him as merely Joseph’s son: their eyes can see nothing more that what is natural, despite every spiritual evidence of His glory. But though their murmuring was among themselves, the Lord reproved it, an evidence in itself of His divine omniscience He goes further, to declare the impossibility of one coming to Him apart from the drawing of the Father (v.44). This refers to the Father’s working by the Spirit to exercise people as regards their need of Christ. For human beings will never; of their own voluntary will, seek the Lord: the movement to produce this must be the work of God. Indeed, the Gospel itself comes from God: it is He Himself who sends the message of entreaty by His servants: it is He who produces by grace a response in hearts. All mankind needs to be reminded of this, that they may learn to depend, not on their own wisdom or ability, but on the grace of God. Notice that those spoken of three times as being raised up at the last day are those who (1) are given by the Father; (2) believe on the Son; and (3) are drawn by the Father (vs.37,40,44).L M Grant Commentary

The reason you cannot accept My claims is because of your trust in human knowledge and wisdom, for no one is able to come to Me unless the Father Who sent Me draws him; and those drawn to Me by My Father I will raise up in the last day. Collegepress

John 6:44
No man can come to me,…. That is, by faith, as in Joh_6:35; for otherwise they could corporeally come to him, but not spiritually; because they had neither power nor will of themselves; being dead in trespasses and sins, and impotent to everything that is spiritual: and whilst men are in a state of unregenerate, blindness, and darkness, they see no need of coming to Christ, nor anything in him worth coming for; they are prejudiced against him, and their hearts are set on other things; and besides, coming to Christ and believing in Christ being the same thing, it is certain faith is not of a man’s self, it is the gift of God, and the operation of his Spirit; and therefore efficacious grace must be exerted to enable a soul to come to Christ; which is expressed in the following words, except the Father which hath sent me, draw him: which is not to be understood of moral persuasion, or a being persuaded and prevailed upon to come to Christ by the consideration of the mighty works which God had done to justify that he was the true Messiah, but of the internal and powerful influence of the grace of God; for this act of drawing is something distinct from, and superior to, both doctrine and miracles. The Capernaites had heard the doctrine of Christ, which was taught with authority, and had seen his miracles, which were full proofs of his being the Messiah, and yet believed not, but murmured at his person and parentage. This gave occasion to Christ to observe to them, that something more than these was necessary to their coming to him, or savingly believing in him; even the powerful and efficacious grace of the Father in drawing: and if it be considered what men in conversion are drawn off “from” and “to”, from their beloved lusts and darling righteousness; to look unto, and rely upon Christ alone for salvation; from that which was before so very agreeable, to that which, previous to this work, was so very disagreeable; to what else can this be ascribed, but to unfrustrable and insuperable grace? but though this act of drawing is an act of power, yet not of force; God in drawing of unwilling, makes willing in the day of his power: he enlightens the understanding, bends the will, gives an heart of flesh, sweetly allures by the power of his grace, and engages the soul to come to Christ, and give up itself to him; he draws with the bands of love. Drawing, though it supposes power and influence, yet not always coaction and force: music draws the ear, love the heart, and pleasure the mind. “Trahit sua quemque voluptas”, says the poet. The Jews have a saying (t), that the proselytes, in the days of the Messiah, shall be all of them, גרים גרורים, “proselytes drawn”: that is, such as shall freely and voluntarily become proselytes, as those who are drawn by the Father are. And I will raise him at the last day; See Gill on Joh_6:40; compare with this verse Joh_6:40. John Gill Commentary

John 6:44

No man can come to me, except the Father which hath sent me draw him: and I will raise him up at the last day.
No man can come to me (in the sense of Joh_6:35), except the Father which hath sent me – that is, except the Father as the Sender of Me, and to carry out the design of My mission.
Draw him – by an internal and efficacious operation; though by all the means of rational conviction, and in a way altogether consonant to their moral nature. (Son_1:4; Jer_31:3; Hos_11:3-4.)
And I will raise him up at the last day. See the note at Joh_6:54. Thus this weighty statement mounts to the following: ‘Be not either startled or stumbled at these sayings; because it needs divine teaching to understand them, divine drawing to submit to them.’JFB-U Commentary

MAN’S INABILITY TO COME TO CHRIST
Joh_6:44. No man can come to me, except the Father which hath sent me draw him.
THERE are in the Holy Scriptures many doctrines which prove an offence and a stumbling-block to the world: but the reason of their exciting disgust and aversion, must be looked for, not so much in the doctrines themselves, as in the depravity of the human heart. To a humble and contrite spirit every truth in the Bible will appear reasonable and worthy of God: it is the pride of man that takes offence at the sacred records, and that renders him unable to receive the declarations of God. Our blessed Lord had told the Jews repeatedly, that he came down from heaven: they knowing his mother and his reputed father, could not endure that he should arrogate to himself such high honour: but he informed them, that the ground of the offence was within themselves; they were blinded by their own prejudices, and fettered by their own lusts, so that nothing but the almighty grace of God could ever draw them to him in a becoming manner.

Now this subject is difficult; we shall therefore explain it: it is deemed objectionable; and therefore we shall assign the reasons of it: it is liable to abuse; and therefore we shall guard it. I. It is difficult, and therefore we shall explain it—
To “come to Christ” is to believe on him for salvation—
[It cannot refer to a mere bodily approach; because in that sense the assertion would not be true. Our Lord himself explains his meaning, and informs us, that to come to him is of the same import with believing in him [Note: ver. 35.]. Our coming to him has respect to the characters which he sustains. Is he a Prophet? we must come to him for instruction: is he a Priest? we must come to him to make atonement for us: is he a King? we must come to him to deliver us from all our spiritual enemies. In whatever view he is represented in the Scriptures, whether as a sun to enlighten, a fountain to cleanse, a physician to heal, or as bread to support our lives, we should come to him, feeling our need of him under that very character, and relying on him to supply our every want.]

In order to this, we should experience the drawings of the Father— [When we speak of “the Father drawing us,” we appear to some as if we ascribed to him an irresistible agency, and considered men as mere machines. But we entertain no such absurd unscriptural notions. It is not with the cords of a beast, or with force and violence, that God draws us, but, as the prophet well expresses it, “with the cords of a man, and with the bands of love [Note: Hos_11:4.],” that is, by rational considerations, and by the sweet attractions of his love. Perhaps this subject will be best understood by a familiar illustration. How was it that Jacob was drawn into Egypt? He was made to feel the pressure of a very grievous famine: he was informed that there was plenty of corn in Egypt; and that his dearly-beloved of the good was the Lord of all that land, and that he disposed of the good things thereof to whomsoever he would: he was told, moreover, that Joseph had expressly invited him; and had sent waggons for the conveyance of his family, together with abundance of provisions by the way: and finally, he was assured that, at the end of his journey, all the good of the land of Egypt should be his. Did he need after this, to have a rope or chain fastened round him, and to be dragged into Egypt? No: all that he needed was faith, to believe the tidings; and when once he was fully persuaded of the truth of these things, he was willing of himself to go into that good land. It is thus that God draws his people: he causes us to feel our need of mercy; he informs us that our beloved Jesus has all heaven at his disposal; that he has sent to invite us to him, assuring us of whatever is needful by the way, and promising us all the glory of heaven at the end: and finally, he gives us faith to believe his testimony. Thus “he makes us willing in the day of his power [Note: Psa_110:3.];” and a thorough belief of these truths will bend the most stubborn heart, and overcome the most reluctant mind.]

Without these drawings we cannot come to Christ—

1. On our indisposition to come to Christ—
[Consider what the coming to Christ implies: First it implies a sense of our lost state without him: and do men like to feel themselves guilty and undone? do they feel no backwardness to confess that they are justly exposed to everlasting misery? Next, it implies a renunciation of all dependence on ourselves: and is this pleasing to corrupt nature? Are we willing to believe ourselves so utterly destitute of wisdom, righteousness, and strength, that we must be altogether dependent on Christ, as much as a new-born infant is on its parent? Next, it implies a turning from every thing that is displeasing to Christ: but have we no reluctance to mortify our besetting sins, and to forsake the habits, maxims, company, and interests of a polluted world? Lastly, it implies that we give ourselves entirely up to Christ, to walk in a state of holy communion with him, and unreserved obedience to his will: but does man naturally affect such a life as this? Is there nothing irksome to him in such restraints; nothing painful in such exertions?

Here then is one reason why we need the drawings of the Father in order to come to Christ. Our coming to Christ is altogether against the current of our corrupt nature [Note: Rom_8:7. 1Co_2:14.]: and as a river flowing to the ocean cannot turn back again to its source without the attractive influence of the heavenly bodies, so neither can we reverse all our natural habits and propensities, without the drawings of our heavenly Father.]

2. On our impotency—
[The impotency of man to do what is good is certainly rather of a moral than a natural kind: his inability is not like that which incapacitates him to stop the sun in the firmament: it consists principally in a want of inclination: yet, together with that, there is a positive weakness; there is even in a regenerate man “the flesh lusting against the Spirit, so that he cannot do the things that he would [Note: Gal_5:17.].” St. Paul himself complained, that “to will was present with him; but how to perform that which was good, he found not:” that “the good which he would, he did not; and that the evil which he would not, that he did: that when he would do good, evil was present with him [Note: Rom_7:18-19; Rom_7:21.].” And who amongst us has not found the same? Who has not felt wanderings of mind, yea, and lamentable obduracy of heart, in those seasons when he has earnestly desired to maintain communion with his Lord and Saviour? Who has not been made sensible that he is like a becalmed vessel; and that he spreads the sails in vain, until the wind arise to bear him onward in his voyage?

We need not then to inquire after any other reasons for the doctrine in the text: our own experience, together with that of the saints in all ages, amounts to a demonstration of the point; more especially because it is confirmed by the strongest declarations of Holy Writ. God himself has told us, that without Christ we can do nothing [Note: Joh_15:5.]; that we cannot, of ourselves, even speak a good word [Note: Mat_12:34 and 1Co_12:3.]; nay, that we have not sufficiency even to think a good thought [Note: 2Co_3:5.]: that “God must give us both to will and to do [Note: Php_2:13.].” If then “our sufficiency even for these things must be of God,” how much more must a Divine influence be necessary in order to our coming fully and habitually to Christ, as the life and strength of our souls!]

We must not however be satisfied with establishing this doctrine; for,
III. It is liable to abuse; and therefore we will guard it—
It is abused as much as any doctrine whatever;

1. By the ignorant and ungodly—
[When we tell them how they must come to Christ, and devote themselves to his service, they excuse themselves by saying that they cannot: and thus, in fact, they cast all the blame of their condemnation upon God, instead of taking it to themselves. But the impotency of which they complain is no excuse for them. Before they conclude themselves to be blameless, let them inquire, whether they do all that they can; whether they read, and meditate, and pray, and watch, and strive as much as they can? If they do not improve aright the strength they have, what reason have they to complain that God has not given them more? They will not so much as “frame their doings to turn unto the Lord:” and therefore they are as deserving of punishment, as if they had had all the power in their own hands: if they be not faithful in the few things which they have, there is no reason to think that they would have been faithful in more, if more had been committed to them. With this accords our Lord’s own interpretation of such excuses, and the sentence he will pronounce on those who offer them [Note: Mat_25:24-30.]: instead of standing excused before God, they will be condemned as wicked and unprofitable servants.

But such excuses are indeed the greatest aggravation of their guilt: for they amount only to this; “I love sin so much, that I cannot renounce it; and hate God so much, that I cannot bring my mind to love and serve him.” And how would such an excuse sound in a court of judicature on behalf of a murderer? This man hates his fellow-creatures to such a degree, that he cannot help murdering them whenever he can get them within his reach? Would the people say, ‘Poor man, he ought not to be punished, for he cannot help it?’ Would they not rather think, that the wickedness of his disposition was the greatest aggravation of his guilt, and that it would be the height of injustice to let him pass unpunished? The cases are altogether parallel: the conduct of each proceeds from his own depravity: and in either case increases, rather than diminishes, their desert of condemnation.]

2. By many professors of religion—
[Strange as it may seem, we must confess that there are many professors of religion who abuse most shamefully the doctrine of the text: I allude to Antinomian professors, who, when warned of their state, will plead their weakness in extenuation of their guilt, and will cast the blame on God, just as the ungodly themselves are wont to do. But if there be any people under heaven more offensive to God than others, surely these must be they. The ignorant and ungodly are quite innocent, when compared with these. Truly the excuses of an Antinomian professor are little short of blasphemy. O that all of that description might consider the fallacy and impiety of their pleas! But we would hope that no such professor is in this place: if however there should be one, we must declare unto him, that, whatever excuse he may make for his sinful practices or neglects, “he deceiveth his own soul, and his religion is vain.” If God indeed were unwilling to help him, there might be some justice in his pleas. But who will dare to cast such a reflection upon him? The fault is only in the depraved wills of men: “Ye will not come unto me, that ye might have life.” Let none then presume to charge God foolishly: if ever we would be right in his sight, we must trace all good to him, all evil to ourselves.]

1. To the self-confident—
[If you be not yet convinced of your need of Divine influences, go home, and try to perform some spiritual acts in your own strength: try to go to Christ with contrition; to cast yourself upon him with humble confidence; and to devote yourself to him in unreserved obedience. Do this, do it really, and with your whole heart, and we will retract all we have spoken, and confess either that the Bible is false, or that we have mistaken its true import. But we fear not the issue of such a trial: we are persuaded it would tend, more than any thing, to your conviction. Having within your own power the means of ascertaining the truth or falsehood of what you have heard, you will be utterly inexcusable if you neglect to do it.]

2. To the timid—
[Let it not be a source of discouragement to you that you feel your weakness: for “when you are weak, then are you strong.” Can you do nothing of yourselves? then live the more dependent upon God: and “he will perfect his strength in your weakness.” He has said, “Fear not, thou worm Jacob, thou shalt thresh the mountains.” What a labour is this to be performed by a worm! yet it shall be done. Trust then in him, and be of good courage: and He who “seat Christ to you,” will draw you to him, and he who draws you to him, will accomplish in you all his good pleasure, till you are “raised at last” to a full enjoyment of his presence and glory.] Homileticae Commentary

Vers. 43, 44. “Jesus therefore answered and said unto them. Murmur not among yourselves. No man can come to Me, except the Father, who hath sent Me, draw him: and I will raise him up at the last day.”
The Jews thought that Jesus had given them offence by His intolerable assumption; but Jesus points out that the offence which they had taken, rests on an entirely different ground, viz., that they have not been drawn by the Father to Him, and have thus remained in their corrupt state of nature, in the stupidity and blindness of the flesh, which is incapable of perceiving Divine things, or of entering into relation to them. (Calvin: “ideo non sapit, quia insipidura vobis est palatum.”) Where there is not this drawing of the Father, there arise of themselves various erroneous conceptions and offences. Would that, instead of murmuring, they would rather open their hearts (Augustine: “nondum traheris? ora ut traharis”), that the Father may draw them to the Son, and thus render them partakers of eternal life!

The drawing of the Father is connected with subjective conditions; for if it were not so, this conversation with the Jews would have no object. The desire of the soul must meet the attractive influence, the feeling of one’s own misery, the desire for redemption, the beseeching hand stretched out upwards. It is the fault of the Jews that they are not drawn, just as in Deu_29:4 it is said, “Yet the Lord hath not given you any heart to perceive, and eyes to see, and ears to hear, unto this day,” not to excuse, but to accuse the Jews. With the heart as it is by nature, swollen with conceit and pride, they cannot draw near to Christ, (Calvin: “opus esse nova mente et novo sensu”); it must be their aim to obtain a new heart, which can come only by the gift of God.

Lampe supposes, if it is certain that he who is drawn by the Father will attain to the resurrection, none can fall from grace. But if the commencement of the drawing is subjectively conditioned, its continuance also may be endangered by the ceasing of the subjective conditions.

It is said in Joh_12:32, “And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all men unto Me,” according to which, the drawing is also the work of the Son; and this is confirmed by ver. 46, here, according to which, there is no relation to the Father but that which is mediated by the Son. Even in the Old Testament passage, of which we are to speak presently, the drawing is attributed to the Messiah. It is attributed to the Father here, as the highest cause, for the reason that the Jews acknowledged the Father, and were labouring to raise a partition-wall between Christ and the Father.

The drawing is here, and in Joh_12:32, taken from Son_1:4 : cf. my Commentary on the passage. There also the drawing designates an internal influence on the mind. There also the following is made absolutely dependent on the drawing: “Draw me, so will we run after Thee.” The two passages are further based on those dependent on the original passage, Jer_31:3, Hos_11:4.

The words, ὁ πέμψας με, intimate the ground of the drawing: He who has sent Christ, must also lead susceptible hearts to Him.

The words, ὁ πέμψας με, intimate the ground of the drawing: He who has sent Christ, must also lead susceptible hearts to Him.

 

John 6:36-46

The discovery of their guilt, danger, and remedy, by the teaching of the Holy Spirit, makes men willing and glad to come, and to give up every thing which hinders applying to him for salvation. The Father’s will is, that not one of those who were given to the Son, should be rejected or lost by him. No one will come, till Divine grace has subdued, and in part changed his heart; therefore no one who comes will ever be cast out. The gospel finds none willing to be saved in the humbling, holy manner, made known therein; but God draws with his word and the Holy Ghost; and man’s duty is to hear and learn; that is to say, to receive the grace offered, and consent to the promise. None had seen the Father but his beloved Son; and the Jews must expect to be taught by his inward power upon their minds, and by his word, and the ministers whom he sent among them. MHCC Commentary

 

John 6:44

Draw (ἑλκύση)
Two words for drawing are found in the New Testament, σύρω and ἑλκύω. The distinction is not habitually observed, and the meanings often overlap. Σύρω is originally to drag or trail along, as a garment or torn slippers. Both words are used of haling to justice. (See Act_8:3; Act_17:6; Act_16:19) In Act_14:19, συ.ρω, of dragging Paul’s senseless body out of the city at Lystra. In Joh_21:6, Joh_21:8, Joh_21:11, both words of drawing the net. In Joh_18:10, ἑλκύω, of drawing Peter’s sword. One distinction, however, is observed: σύρω is never used of Christ’s attraction of men. See Joh_6:44; Joh_12:32. Ἑλκύω occurs only once outside of John’s writings (Act_16:19). Luther says on this passage: “The drawing is not like that of the executioner, who draws the thief up the ladder to the gallows; but it is a gracious allurement, such as that of the man whom everybody loves, and to whom everybody willingly goes.” VWS

God the Father draw him] By a merciful violence, ex nolentibus volentes facit. {See Trapp on “Son_1:4”} The Father draweth, and the man cometh; that notes the efficacy of grace, and this the sweetness of grace. Grace works strongly, and therefore God is said to draw; and it works sweetly too, and therefore man is said to come. Trapp

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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